THE REFRACTION SEISMIC
The Refraction Seismic Survey and Data Processing
FOR GEOLOGICAL, MINING and CIVIL ENGINEERING PROJECTS
The vertical seismic section.
The Seismic investigations yield a great variety of reliable data:
The results are utilized for a wide range of applications, some of which are listed below:
The search for resources
Gravel, sand and quarry sites.
The Alluvial gold, diamond or platinum exploration
The seismic survey, before the sampling stage, leads to the cost effective exploration.
A seismic study, in alluvial diamond exploration, is the only practical leader when one must take large meaningful samples in an unknown and often difficult terrain.
Saprolite hosted gold deposits are also targets for seismic investigation.
The oil & gas pipelines
The prevention of oil spills: the survey of soil stability, depth to bedrock, and fault location under existing or planned pipelines.
The civil engineering geology
Geotechnic surveys, rippability surveys, landslides prevention.
The environmental remediation
Ground water table and bedrock depths, site tomography. The drill does not provides the detail necessary to solve many problems; besides in hazardous waste disposal sites one does not want to poke holes into it.
Harbour basins and entrances, pipelines, canals, roads, railways. The seismic provides depth to the bedrock which helps calculating the volumes of excavation.
The survey of soil stability before constructing heavy industrial buildings, bridges, harbour quays and breakwaters, dams, piling, airfields.
The water prospecting
Ground water table in the overburden, water-bearing sections of rock.
A shallow seismic survey provides:
Rafal Swiecki, geological engineer email contact
This document is in the public domain.