THE VEGETABLE GARDEN
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LISTS OF THE GARDEN PLANTS USED BY ACHUAR FOR FOOD

Frequency of use / Achuar name / Common name / Botanical name / Numbers of varieties

Use: A- Frequent, B- Current, C- Episodic


C ajach Dioscorta sp. 1
C chiki arrurruz Maranta ruiziana 1
A inchi sweet potato Ipornea batatas 22
A jirnia pepper Capsicurn sp. 8
C kai avocado Persea sp. 1
B keach anona Anona squamosa 1
A kenke yam Dioscorea trífida 12
C kirimp guayaba Psidium guajava 1
B kukuch naranjilla Solanum coconilla 4
C kumpia achira Renealmia alpinia 1
B kuish pineapple Pineapple comosus 1
A Mama sweet manioc Manihot esculenta 17
B miik bean Phasolus sp. 12
C namau jicama Pachyrrhizus tuberosus 1
C narnuk pumpkin odoriferous Sicana 1
B nuse peanut Arachis hipogea 7
C pinia Calathea Aff. Exscapa (marantac) 1
A paantam plantain Muse balbisiana 4
A mejench banana Musacea 15
B paat sugar cane Saccharum officinarum 3
A papachnia taro Colocasia sp. 1
A sanku taro Xanthosoma sp. 2
C sepui onion Alliurn stump 7
B shaa corn Zea mays 2
C tempted cucomber Cucurbitacea 1
C tuka taro Colocasia esculenta 1
B uwi chonta Guilielma gasipaes 6
B wakamp cocoa Theobroma subincanum 2
B kuchiwakamp cocoa bicolor Theobroma 1
C wampa guaba Inga nobilis 1
C wanchup taro Xanthosoma sp. 1
C wainpushik guaba Inga nobilis 1
B wapal papaya Carica papaya 3
B yaas caimito Chrysophyllum cainito 3
C yuwi pumpkin Cucurbita maxim 3

LISTS OF PLANTS FOR TECHNOLOGICAL, MEDICINAL AND NARCOTIC USE

1 - Plant cultivated for colorants.
- ipiak: bija. (Bixa orellana)
- sua: genipa (American Genipa).
- thai: red dye for the textile (Warscawzcia chordata); blended with the bija, it is good to make the karaur powder (facial painting).

2 - Plant for textile and recipients.
- uruch: cotton (Gossypium barbadense).
- katsuint: güira; the fruit cut in two and hollowed serves as bowl.
- mati: güira (Crescentia cujete); the hollowed fruit and fixed on the quiver it serves as kapok reserve.
- takum yuwi: pumpkin makes spongy (Luffa cylindrica); the dried pulp of the fruit serves as packing for the ramrod rifles.
- tsapa: güira (Crescenctia cujete); the fruit cut in two and hollowed, serves as bowl or plate.
- tserem: güira; the hollowed fruit serves as container for liquids.
- unkuship: güira (Crescenctia cujete); cut in two and hollowed the fruit serves as oblong bowl dedicated to drink the wayusa infusion (Ilex sp.).
- yumi: pumpkin (Lagenaria siceraria); it is good to transport and to deposit water.
- chiiyumi: pumpkin (Lagenaria sp.); small fruit in pear form, hollowed, it is good to transport the karaur powder.

3 - Plants cultivated for fishing poisons
- masu: Clibadium sp. (Composit.)
- timiu: Lonchocarpus sp. (Legum.)
- payaash: Piscidia carthageneusis (Papil.)

4 - Plants cultivated for narcotics
- maikiua: (Brugmansia sp. et Datura sp); 3 cultivated varieties.
- natem: Banisteriopsis sp.
- parapra: not identified
- tsaank: tobacco (Nicotinia sp.).

5 - Plants cultivated for medicinal use
- ajej: ginger (Zinziber officinale)
- chirichiri: different species of gramineous.
- kantse: an amarantacea.
- piripiri: (Cyperus sp. Et Cares sp.) 4 varieties cultivated.
- pirisuk: Aitheranthera lanceolata (Amarant.)
- tampuk: an eritroxilacea.
- wayus: Ilex. sp.

WILD SPECIES TRANSPLANTADAS IN THE ORCHARDS OR LEFT DURING THE CLEANING OF IT AND TOLERATED PLANTS

- achu: palm aguaje (Mauritia flexuosa);
- apai: wild mango (Grias tessmannii);
- chaapi: palm llarina (Phytelephas sp.);
- chinchak: tree of fruits that serve as bait for the birds (Miconia sp. et Leandra sp.);
- chirikiasip: narcotic, non identified bush;
- kuchikiam: wild cocoa (Herrania mariae);
- kunapip: eatable fruit (Bonafousia sananho, apocinacea);
- kunchal: eatable fruit (Dacryodes Aff. peruviana, burseracea),
- kunkuk: palm (Jessenia weberbaueri);
- kills: chambira palm (Astrocaryum chambira);
- mayu: piscicida, liana non identified arbustivo;
- mirikiu: eatable fruit (Helicostylis scabra) moracea;
- munchij: pasionaria (Passiflora sp);
- naampi: fruit comestible (Caryodendron orinocensis, euforbiacea);
- naara: nettle (Urera sp.);
- pau: chicozapote (Pouteria sp.);
- pitiu: the bread fruit tree (Batocarpus orinocensis Karst.);
- sampi: guaba (Inga sp.); 6 main varieties: chuu sampi; imlu sampi (Inga tarapotensis), milk sampi, nakar sampi, tuish sampi; yakum sampi (Inga prurlens);
- sekemur: vegetable soap (not identified);
- sekut: vanilla (Vanilla);
- sesa: medicinal plants (Malvacea);
- shawl: eatable fruit (Psidium sp., myrtacea)
- shimpishi: eatable fruit (Solanum americanum, solanacea);
- shinkishinki: to manufacture the homonymous rattle used in the shamanic cures (Piper sp?);
- sunkash: eatable fruit (Perebea guianensis Aubl; moracea);
- tanish naek: eatable fruit (bignonacea);
- tauch: eatable fruit (Lacmella oblongata and Lacmella peruviana, apocinacea);
- terunch: eatable fruit (mirticea?);
- tserempush: guaba (Inga marginata);
- wampushik: guaba (Inga nobills);
- wawa: leaves serve as pot cover (Ochroma pyramidale);
- wishiwish: eatable fruit (Protium sp. burseracea);
- yakuch: tree of fruits that serve as bait for the birds (Hyeronima alchorneoides, euforbiacea);
- yuwlkiam: edible fruits (not identified);
- yurankmls: edible fruits (Physalis sp, solanacea);
- yapalpa: medicinal plant (Verbena sp.)

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